Ethics in the Animal World It is imperative that the question “Do animals have a morality?” Is a danger to one day. A person is often described as something that contravenes the teachings of society as an animal because animals do not abide by ethical rules. But the fact that animals have moral rules that they live by and abide by is usually better than human compliance.
The evidence of this view is many. A female elephant was seen rescuing a small female and wounded because of an assault by a male. The large female chased the male far away and then returned to the infected foot of the small female.
It is not only the provision of cures in the elephants community, but the help of some animals in crisis. For example, in the South African province of KwaZulu-Natal, a group of Elephants of Eleven, with the help of captive captains, saw the elephant leader opening the door to the deer herself.
Animals have a range of emotions that we previously thought existed only in man. They have a sense of justice, empathy, forgiveness, trust, reciprocity, and more. These feelings can be called “morality.” Animals have a moral sense that may differ from what exists in humans in class, not in nature, according to Darwin. A child who behaves in violation of a man’s moral behavior may be called an “animal,” even though it is a description of all bad behavior. But in the animal world, his actions are not that bad. It is not fair to ask a group of wolves to eat their food with a fork and a knife, in order to say that they have “ethics”.
One of the events that may raise the curiosity of our eyes, the rat is locked in a cage refuses to lift a tool to bring him food, if he sees that there is another rat is hurt when lifting the tool. There is also a cat named Laby, who is helping an old blind dog overcome obstacles to his food. In the case of justice, a group of monkeys were seen beating monkeys that are late for food as punishment, because no monkey is allowed to start eating except in the presence of everyone.
Animals live according to sophisticated systems where certain behaviors are prohibited and other behaviors are prohibited. These standards govern the behavior of individuals within groups, and may be related to harm, well-being and equity.
Cooperation and reciprocity … purely ethical behavior
There is a lot of research and tests conducted in the recent period have revealed the existence of cooperation within the community of animals, and the more we look at the more in this behavior in the behavior and behavior of animals, there is a lot of evidence of the existence of this attribute, cooperation is the material link to social composition in animals, Of all aggressive qualities possessed by animals. Amanda Seed, Nicola Clayton, and Nathan Emery discovered that the grazing bird was in solidarity with his peers and collaborated with them to reach the vase where no single bird could reach it.
Animal scientists Christine Drea and Lawrence Frank discovered that spotted hyenas collaborate with one another in families to get food even without training. A couple of adult hyenas have collaborated together to perform the task of attracting two ropes simultaneously to open the shirk. When the door opens, the food falls to the ground and the two can eat it. Hyenas exhibit behavioral flexibility during their collaboration.
Cooperation is not limited to the sons of one species. The black crows were seen leading the wolves to the bodies of the elk, and the wolves cut off the carcass (which the crows can not handle) and eat, and then the black crows can eat. The same behavior was observed between crows and wolves in the prairies.
It is not only cooperation, but reciprocity is also present in the animal community. Rats show this characteristic in their interactions, noted animal scientist Claudia Rutte and Michael Taborsky in a study conducted by them and broadcast in late 2007. They noted that rats provide help to unfamiliar and unrelated individuals based on Previous help a strange rat helped him. Rot and Taborsky trained the rats to pull a stick to get food for their partner. He found that rats that had helped her in the past from strangers were more willing to help others.
Cooperating similarly is not exclusive to humans. An article written by France de Fall in the Scientific American in 2005 states that “it may have evolved in other animals for the same reasons that we have evolved to help individuals optimize each other Weaken common interests that support life and community life. ”
Reciprocity requires several things, including remembering past events and in turn showing gratitude, and these things add a special character to memory.
But why do animals cooperate? Animals cooperate for different reasons. They may cooperate to protect themselves. Chimpanzees form groups to protect themselves from aggressive males, or some animals exchange eating roles and control predators. Cooperation is one of the fundamental principles of evolution alongside mutation and election, according to Martin Nowak, director of the Program on Evolutionary Dynamics at Harvard University.
Emotional empathy … empathy with others
In the beginning we define the term empathy, emotional complexes are the ability to recognize the feelings and feelings of the other is among the range of emotions, including sympathy, attention, help, grief, condolence. The origin of empathy is “Einfühluung”, a German word translated in the early 20th century that literally means “feeling”